Tripartite Agreement Refugees
Two competent sources stated that this figure included the majority or the entire group of 251 refugees who lived in the Nduta camp and had registered for voluntary return before 10 October. Some of the 287 refugees living in two neighbouring Burundian refugee camps who were transferred to Nduta camp on 13 October were most likely part of the convoy. According to Human Rights Watch, the Tanzanian government`s action has worsened the already deteriorating situation in the camps, which is increasingly likely to force refugees to return to Burundi. These include reducing food rations between August 2017 and October 2018, banning refugees from leaving camps, including finding work or firewood, violence against some refugees who have left the camps, and general insecurity. The Imbonerakure, the youth league of Burundi`s ruling party, which has long committed widespread human rights violations, is alleged to have harassed and threatened refugees in the camps. The forced return follows an agreement signed on 24 August between Tanzania and Burundi, under which some 180,000 Burundian refugees are expected to return “voluntarily or not” to their country of origin in Tanzania by 31 December. On 11 October, Tanzanian President John Magufuli said Burundian refugees should “go home.” The African Commission on Human Rights and Human Rights should urge Tanzania not to forcibly deport asylum seekers or refugees, and UNHCR should not facilitate this return. The Rwandan and Zimbabwean governments and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) signed a tripartite agreement on tuesday on the voluntary repatriation of some 350 Rwandan refugees to Zimbabwe. The forced return of more than 200 people on October 15 comes amid growing pressure on all refugees living in the camps to return to Burundi, Human Rights Watch said. Since August, Tanzanian officials have threatened to make public statements, closed a market and repeatedly changed administrative requirements for humanitarian organizations operating in the camps. A recent agreement between Burundian and Tanzanian police forces, which allows cross-border operations by the two police forces, has heightened fears of arrests among refugees, local media reported. The UNHCR manual also states that “registration for voluntary repatriation should not be directly linked to another registration or verification (.
B, for example, care and subsistence assistance) that “the link between the two refugees can be confusing by giving the impression that voluntary repatriation is required to qualify for assistance in the country of asylum” and that “this can seriously compromise voluntaryness.” For its part, the Rwandan government would ensure that refugees return home safely and encourage some of them to return to Zimbabwe to raise awareness of the need to return them.